Effect of Feeding Fat
Journal of Veterinary Medicine, Series A
Volume 48 Page 39 – February 2001
doi:10.1046/j.1439-0442.2001.00331.xVolume 48 Issue 1 Effects of Fat Feeding and Energy Level on Plasma Metabolites and Hormones in Shetland PoniesO. Schmidt1, E. Deegen2, H. Fuhrmann3, R. Dühlmeier1 & H.-P. Sallmann1,4

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of a fat-supplemented diet compared with a carbohydrate diet on the lipid metabolism and the enteroinsular axis of Shetland ponies. The ‘crossover’ experiment was divided into two parts: in the first 10 weeks the diets comprised the correct number of calories according to requirements and in the following 10 weeks they were hypercaloric, in order to check the effect of a different energy content of the diets. Feeding the fat-enriched diet, independently of its energy content, led to a significant decrease in plasma triglycerides, associated with a mean 50% increase of plasma lipoprotein lipase activity. After oral glucose load the ponies on fat-enriched diets showed higher plasma glucose concentrations. Oral glucose administration after feeding the hypercaloric fat-enriched diet led to a 25-fold increase of plasma insulin levels. Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide plasma levels were increased in the animals on the fat-enriched diets. The results of this study suggest that fat feeding improves triglyceride clearance. However, the fat supplementation of the diet also led to impaired glucose tolerance. These results are important for a better understanding of the function of the enteroinsular axis. To investigate the influences of fat on lipid metabolism in relation to the aetiopathogenesis of equine hyperlipaemia further studies involving diseased animals are needed.

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